Segmentation Strategies for Super-Targeted Email Marketing
The first thing we do in the morning is check our emails. We're looking for urgent work alerts and general family news, but mostly deleting the insane amount of promotional emails that flood our inbox overnight. By the time we arrive at work, we have another batch to clear out.
Email marketing is about curating a relationship with your customer. That means your emails need to be relevant and timely for each customer, and not all your customers are the same. According to MarketingSherpa’s Email Marketing Benchmark report, 52% of marketers say they have a “great need to improve email database segmentation” and 32% of email programs have cited segmentation as a top priority in the growth of their programs. There is no “one size fits all” in marketing: personalisation is expected.
Don’t be desperate: segmentation helps with your reputation! By avoiding “Batch and Blast,” your customers are more likely to open your emails and less likely to ignore mailings or mark them as SPAM. Very basic segmentation can go a long way.
Here are some basic segmentations to consider with targeted email marketing:
Customers vs. Prospects: Once you have ushered a prospect through the marketing funnel and they complete their first purchase, you have reached a new level of your relationship. They like you! Show your appreciation for your customers with a nice Thank You email, and remember not to harass them out of your life. If they have purchased before, they are more likely to purchase again. Similarly, prospects haven’t committed to you yet—don’t get ahead of yourself and start planning the wedding. By separating these two groups, you can learn more about your audience and who is worth your time and effort to put a ring on it.
Recency: When do you consider a customer to be active or inactive? This varies greatly by brand; I’ve seen retailers sticking to six months of opens and clicks, some up to two years. Many B2C “fast fashion” retailers seem to have customers with shorter life spans, whereas B2B trends toward the longer end. Dependent on how often a customer receives a mailing and engages determines when you can send them a sweet “We miss you!” message to avoid losing them altogether.
Frequency: Do you have customers who purchase every month, like clockwork? Or maybe there is a holiday segment of your audience – people who only purchase gifts in December? If you mail both audiences the same way, you risk running off the customer you want to engage. According to research by Chadwick Martin Bailey,69% of consumers unsubscribed from emails because they were sent too frequently. By sending too often, you risk losing your leads and any revenue they may have brought with them.
Monetary: How much did the customer spend the last time they converted? One high-value purchase or many low-value purchases? Do you want to mail them with sale or luxury items? Directing targeted emails featuring full-price products to the customers most likely to buy without a promotion could help prevent unsubscribes.
Targeted Email Marketing: Getting Fancy
Already doing most or all of the above? Here are some more advanced email targeting strategies to try!
Geo-targeting: If you run a local boutique with healthy e-commerce sales, you want to be sure you’re targeting local and online customers differently. The easiest way to do this is by asking for a zip code during sign-up! If you have a larger presence, including a Store Locator at the bottom of your mailings is a great way to drive customers in-store—like the sale email from Steve Madden below.
Demographics: Women and men shop differently! Actually, I’m pretty sure men only shop on Amazon or in stores, whereas many women (me) have a fledgling online shopping problem. Different age groups also have varying shopping habits; a student is more likely to look for sample sales and clearance than a working professional in their 40s who can afford that full-priced handbag. If you are catering to a variety of shoppers, segment to target these customers creatively—and learn more about your most loyal shoppers to develop your brand.
Time of Day/Time of Week: We may check our email first thing in the morning but we have never completed a purchase before coffee! To target customers who do convert first thing in the morning, check conversion rates a few hours after the send, and send a nice reminder about big sales to lazy bones who need more encouragement. The best way to find that sweet spot is to test, test, test. It is different for everyone!
Let’s be Friends: Have you purchased something that may need to be replaced, i.e. ink cartridges, mascara, prescription medicine? Maybe it is a service that will need repeating, like an annual check-up or vehicle inspection. Best of all, it could be a birthday card or anniversary celebration! Let your customer know you are paying attention and you care.
Google’s Customer Match: After you have gathered data for segmentation, you can utilise Customer Match from AdWords! You can then serve specific ads and bids to users at different points of the marketing funnel—from prospects to loyal customers. Customer Match allows you to reach your subscribers on Search, Gmail, or YouTube; just not display. If you also use Social Advertising with Facebook and Twitter, both companies can also help you use an email marketing database to remarket to your audience.
The Psychology Behind Conversions
Explore the psychology of CRO in our FREE e-book to boost conversions and profits by understanding customer behaviour and decision-making factors.